2010年10月28日 星期四

空間.時間

印度尼西亞北蘇門答臘又有火山噴發. 雖然火山灰使土壤肥沃,有利耕種, 但其利處怎抵得上它對生命的威脅的弊處? 居於該地的人可能是沒有其他較好的選擇才留下.
---------------------------------------------
分開半個世紀, 居住不同洲的兩人終於再在一起了.
83歲的中法混血兒李丹妮和82歲的廈門人袁迪寶重續50多年前的情緣。
幸運之處在於兩人超過八十歲還是身心健康而且外型漂亮. 如果其中一人有老人癡呆或癡肥, 不知結果是否一樣.
http://www.takungpao.com/news/newsyw/1433029.html

2010年10月14日 星期四

中共老人上书全国人大要求言论自由

http://news.boxun.com/forum/201010/boxun2010/150782.shtml

[博讯论坛] 作者:秦风

由从毛泽东的秘书李锐到人民日报前社长胡绩伟等23人发起致全国人大常委会公开信,要求执行宪法35条,废除新闻出版审批制。

公开信发起人之一铁流接受多维新闻记者采访时,证实了上书一事。铁流介绍说,发起公开信是因日前报告文学作家谢朝平一度被拘而起,作为中共体制内的老人他们深感大陆言论环境日趋收紧,才作出此事。

据铁流透露,公开信是从10月1日开始征集签名,10月11日晚深夜群发近两千封。公开信的最终版本,一度有人提议加入刘晓波获诺贝尔和平奖的内容,但他们以为,鉴于此事已使官方风声鹤唳,一旦加入,恐怕在大陆无法传播,影响力缩小,所以作以回避。
在公开信发布后,据多维记者调查,转发公开信的一些新浪博客用户、各大小论坛网贴,均已被删除处理。目前大陆境内网站仅存一些最新转载的不知名博客中。当记者告诉铁流这一信息时,他略作叹息后表示,“被屏蔽在意料之中,不屏蔽倒在意料之外”然而,紧接着他又强调,公开信是争取中华人民共和国宪法赋予的、胡锦涛与温家宝公开强调的言论自由,这完全正当!

根据公开信发布后获得签名,目前有23人发起,1名法律顾问,476人签名,总计500人。这其中大部分是中共体制内的人士,新闻记者从业人员占据大多数,涵盖老中青三代。然而这一公开信能否收效,铁流表示,他们只是想发出声音,作为中共体制内的元老,他们会在人大上提出公开信的内容。

全文转发如下:

执行宪法第35条,废除预审制,兑现公民的言论出版自由!
──致全国人民代表大会常务委员会的公开信

李锐 胡绩伟 等 10月11日,2010

全国人民代表大会常务委员会:
中华人民共和国1982年宪法第35条载明:“中华人民共和国公民有言论、出版、集会、结社、游行、示威的自由。”这一条文28年不兑现,被党政机关制定的“执行”细则所否定。这种原则承认具体否定的假民主,成为世界民主史上的丑闻。

2003年2月26日,胡锦涛主席上任不久,在中共中央政治局常委与民主党派人士举行的民主协商会上,明确地说:
新闻解禁、开放人民舆论阵地,是社会的主流意见和诉求,是正常的,要以立法形式解决。共产党自身不改革,不改造,就会失去生命力,走向自然消亡。
2010年10月3日美国有线电视台CNN播出了访谈节目主持人法瑞德.扎卡利亚对中国总理温家宝的专访。温家宝回答记者提问时说:
言论自由对任何国家都不可或缺;中国宪法赋予民众享有言论自由;人民对民主自由的诉求不可抗拒。
根据宪法和胡锦涛主席、温家宝总理讲话精神,我们仅就兑现言论出版自由之宪法权利方面陈情如下:

关于我国言论出版自由的现状
我堂堂中华人民共和国公民名义上“当家做主”61年,但我们享有的言论出版自由竟不如回归祖国前的香港,即不如殖民地居民。
回归前的香港是英国殖民地,女王政府任命总督管理这个地方,但港英当局给香港居民言论出版自由,不是空头的,纸面上的,是落实的,兑现的。

1949 年建国,人民欢呼解放了,当家做主了,毛泽东宣布“中国人民从此站起来了。”但直到今天,建国61年,搞了30年改革开放,我们还没有得到香港人殖民地时代就有的言论出版自由。现在有些参政议政的书籍,要拿到香港出版,这不是回归祖国的福荫,是沿袭殖民时代的旧法。大陆人民的“当家作主”地位实在太窝囊。国家宣称的有中国特色的“社会主义民主”实在太尴尬。

岂止普通公民,连共产党的高级干部都没有言论出版自由。最近李锐遇到一件事情:不久前《周小舟纪念文集》出版,原来收进了李锐1981年在《人民日报》发表的纪念周小舟的一篇文章,但出版的书中没有。周小舟夫人打电话向李锐解释:“北京通知,不能用李锐的文章。”连1981年发表在党报上的旧作也不让收进文集,真是荒唐至极!李锐说:“这算什么样的国家?!我大声疾呼:新闻必须自由!扼杀公民的言论自由是完全违法的!”

岂止高级干部,连国家总理都没有言论出版自由!2010年8月21日温家宝总理在深圳发表题为《只有坚持改革开放,国家才有光明前途》的讲话。谈到“不仅要推进经济体制改革,还要推进政治体制改革。没有政治体制改革的保障,经济体制改革的成果就会得而复失,现代化建设的目标就不可能实现。”新华社21日通稿《开创经济特区的美好明天》,把温家宝讲话中政治体制改革的内容删掉了。

2010 年9月22日(美国当地时间)温家宝总理在纽约与美国华文媒体和港澳媒体负责人进行座谈,再次强调了“政治体制改革”的重要性。温说:“关于政治体制改革,我曾经讲过,经济体制改革如果没有政治体制改革的保障,也不会彻底取得成功,甚至已经取得的成果还会得而复失。”温家宝随后在纽约联合国总部出席第 65届联合国大会一般性辩论发表题为《认识一个真实的中国》的讲话,其中也谈及了政治体制改革。9月23日(北京时间)晚间,中央电视台《新闻联播》以及新华社通稿报导这些活动时,只报导了温家宝谈及海外华人的处境、海外华文媒体的作用等内容,提及政治体制改革的讲话,都被过滤掉了。

这些事情,如果追究责任,绝对查不到具体人,这是一只看不见的黑手。他们自知理亏违宪,通常以电话通知某人的作品不能发表、某事不能见诸媒体。打电话的官员不留姓名,叮嘱执行者为其保密,但必须执行他的电话指示。这只看不见的黑手就是中宣部。现在是中宣部凌驾于党中央之上,凌驾于国务院之上。试问中宣部有什么权力封锁总理的声音?有什么权力剥夺全国人民对总理讲话的知情权?

我们的核心要求是取消审批制,改行追惩制
把宪法第35条言论出版自由变成可望而不可及的墙上画饼,是经过《出版管理条例》等具体执行细则来完成的。这些执行细则,为而言之就是深文周纳的审批制。有数不清的清规戒律限制言论出版自由。制定新闻出版法,废除审批制,已成为当务之急。
建议全国人大立即着手制定新闻出版法,废除《出版管理条例》和地方当局管制新闻出版的那些条条框框。落实宪法第35条给予公民言论出版自由,从体制上看就是从党政机关直接控制到媒体相对独立,从“党的喉舌”转变为“社会公器”。因此,新闻出版法的立法基础必须是实行追惩制,而不能再以“加强党的领导”的名义强化审批制。所谓审批制,就是出版物在出版以前须经党政机关的审查,批准了你才能出版,不批准出了就是非法出版物。所谓追惩制,就是出版物不必向党政机关报批,总编辑通过了就开印,出版发行完全自由。出版后如有不良后果和纠纷,政府再介入,根据法律判断是非对错。

世界各国新闻出版法制的发展,走的是由审批制向追惩制过渡的道路。无疑,追惩制比起审批制是一个历史性进步,对推动人文科学和自然科学的发展,推动社会和谐历史进步起了伟大的作用。英国早在 1695年即废除了预防检查制。1881年法国废除了预防检查制,报纸、刊物出版前的手续仅仅需要一份简单的声明,由报刊领导人签署,邮寄共和国检察院即可。我国目前实行的书报审查制度,比英国落后315年,比法国落后129年。

我们的具体要求:

一、取消媒体的主管单位,由主办单位独立负责;真正落实出版单位的社长、总编辑负责制。

二、尊重记者,树立记者 “无冕之王”的社会地位。记者报道群体性事件,揭发官员贪污腐败,是为民请命的神圣事业,应受到保护和支援。立即制止某些地方政府和公安机关随意抓捕记者的违宪行为。追究谢朝平案的幕后操纵者,渭南市委书记梁凤民必须下台,以申党纪,以儆效尤。

三、取消限制媒体跨省进行舆论监察的禁令,保障中国记者在全中国领土上采访报道的权利。

四、互联网是社会资讯和公民意见的重要交流平台,除确实涉及国家机密的资讯和侵犯公民隐私的言论之外,网路管理部门不能随意删除网帖和跟帖,取消网特,取消“5毛党”,取消对“翻墙”的技术限制。

五、党史无禁区,中国公民有权知道执政党的罪错。

六、允许《南方周末》和《炎黄春秋》改制为民营报刊作为探路试点。报刊民营化是政治改革的方向。历史的教训是:施政者与评议者高度一体化,政府和媒体都姓 “党”,自己搭台唱戏,自己鼓掌喝彩,是很难和民意沟通实现正确领导的。从大跃进到文化大革命,大陆所有的报刊杂志、广播电视,从来没有反映过真实的民意。党和国家领导人耳边听不到不同的声音,就既难发现、更难纠正正在发生的全局性的错误。执政党和政府拿纳税人的钱办媒体为自己歌功颂德,这在民主国家是不允许的。

七、允许已经回归中国的香港、澳门的书籍报刊在大陆公开发行。我国加入了WTO,在经济上已经融入世界,企图在文化上闭关锁国,是违背改革开放的既定方针的。港澳文化是送上国门的先进文化,观之于港澳报刊书籍备受群众欢迎而益信。

八、转变各级宣传部门职能,由制定多少个“不准”,转变为保障资讯准确、及时、畅通;由帮助贪官污吏压制封锁批评揭露的稿件,转变为支援媒体对党政机关发挥监督作用;由封报刊、撤总编、抓记者,转变为对抗强权,保护媒体和记者。宣传部门在党内、在社会上名声很臭,要做几件好事恢复名誉。在适当的时机,可以考虑宣传部更名,以符合世界潮流。
迫切陈情,敬希亮察。
2010年10月1日

发起人(23人):


李 锐(前中央组织部常务副部长,中共十二届中央委员,十二、十三届中顾委委员。)

胡绩伟(前《人民日报》社长、总编辑,第六、七届全国人大常委,全国新闻学会联合会会长)

江 平(原政法大学校长、终身教授,七届人大常委、人大法律委员会副主任)

李 普(原新华社副社长)

周绍明(原广州军区政治部副主任)

钟沛璋(原中宣部新闻局局长)

王永成(上海交通大学教授,欧洲科学、艺术与人文研究院通讯院士)

张忠培(故宫博物院研究员,原院长,中国考古学会理事长)

杜 光(原中共中央党校教授)

郭道晖 (原《中国法学》杂志社总编辑)

萧 默(原中国艺术研究院建筑艺术研究所所长)

庄浦明(原人民出版社副社长)

胡甫臣 (原中国工人出版社社长兼总编辑)

张 定(原中国社会科学院社会科学出版社社长)

于 友(原《中国日报》社总编辑)

欧阳劲 (香港《太平洋杂志》总编辑)

于浩成 (原群泷出版社社长)

张 清(原中国电影出版社社长)

俞月亭 (原福建电视台台长、高级记者)

沙叶新 (前上海人民艺术剧院院长,现为回族独立作家)

孙旭培(原社会科学院新闻研究所所长)

辛子陵(原国防大学当代中国编辑室主任)

铁 流(民刊《往事微痕》总编辑)

法律顾问:

宋 岳(中国籍公民,美国纽约州执业律师)

签名者:476人(按姓氏笔画排序) ...............

2010年10月10日 星期日

反華

"內地官方報章《環球時報》昨發表社論,痛批諾貝爾委員會頒發和平獎給劉曉波,已淪為西方的反華工具,是想讓中國分裂,甚至瓦解。"

中共的思維邏輯就是這樣, 以為所有人都像共産黨員為政治服務的, 以為反對中國現政權的某些行為就等於反華. 中共沒有"人類有反抗强權專制壓迫弱小國民的獨立想法".

他們把全世界人劃分為反華與愛中國人士(其實有些只是愛黨).
把中國人劃分為愛國者與漢奸.

一些人口口聲聲說劉曉波分裂中國, 受西方國家指揮的走狗. 自己不去查核, 拿不出証據來, 人云亦云.

2010年10月9日 星期六

劉曉波獲諾貝爾和平獎

劉曉波的文章批評或誹謗中共, 談不上煽動顛覆國家政權罪, 也談不上是促進和平. 人權獎比較切合. 不過還得感謝挪威諾貝爾委員會不懼中共威嚇, 授予劉曉波這個獎, 使人們多些關注中國的言論管制、資訊管制等這些人權狀況. 今年三月結石奶粉家長趙連海被控「尋釁滋事罪」一審被關在牢至今還未結案. 這一兩年來大陸的言論自由沒有進展.

那些護共人士說諾貝爾獎是垃圾獎, 如果是真的話, 那就不必理會它, 更不必威嚇人家授獎. 又說西方國家用授獎機會來欺負中國, 那是因為中共看得起這個獎才招至被"欺負".

剛才在百度上搜尋"刘晓波"三個字, 只有The connection was reset
The connection to the server was reset while the page was loading. 回應. 連搜尋也不允許, 把網民當作易於被劉曉波煽動的愚民? 還是太看得起劉曉波文章的影響力? 大陸網站把大多數有關劉曉波獲諾貝爾和平獎的帖文删了, 剩下少數和外交部發言人口徑一致的貼文.
-------------------------------------
其他網站轉載的:
【刘晓波文选】全部文章
http://boxun.com/my-cgi/post/display_all.cgi?cat=liuxb
---------------------------------------------------
劉曉波一審判決書
北京市第一中級人民法院刑事判決書
http://www.boxun.com/hero/200912/xianzhang/225_1.shtml
......「中共獨裁政權提倡的官方愛國主義,是『以黨代國』體制的謬論,愛國的實質是要求人民愛獨裁政權、愛獨裁黨、愛獨裁者,是盜用愛國主義之名而行禍國殃民之實」...

2010年10月6日 星期三

Digestion

12/2. Enzymes, Proteins, Carbohydrates, Digestion
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vFiavuyk31s&feature=related

2/2. Enzymes, Proteins, Carbohydrates, Digestion
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AEsQxzeAry8&feature=related

-----------------------------
http://www.westonaprice.org/nutrition-greats/600-edward-howell.html
.....The enzymes we need to consider when planning our diets are the third category, the food enzymes. These are present in raw foods, and they initiate the process of digestion in the mouth and stomach. Food enzymes include proteases for digesting protein, lipases for digesting fats and amylases for digesting carbohydrates. Amylases in saliva contribute to the digestion of carbohydrates while they are being chewed, and all enzymes found in food continue this process while it is mixed and churned by contractions in the stomach. The glands in the stomach secrete hydrochloric acid and pepsinogen, which initiate the process of protein digestion, as well as the intrinsic factor needed for vitamin B12 absorption; but the various enzymes needed for complete digestion of our food are not secreted until further down line, in the small intestine. However, while food is held in the stomach, the enzymes present in what we have consumed can do their work before this more or less partially digested mass passes on to the enzyme-rich environment of the small intestine.

Enzyme research has revealed the importance of raw foods in the diet. The enzymes in raw food help start the process of digestion and reduce the body's need to produce digestive enzymes. All enzymes are deactivated at a wet-heat temperature of 118 degrees Fahrenheit and a dry-heat temperature of about 150 degrees. It is one of those happy designs of nature that foods and liquids at 117 degrees can be touched without pain, but liquids over 118 degrees will burn. Thus, we have a built-in mechanism for determining whether or not the food we are eating still contains its enzyme content.

A diet composed exclusively of cooked food puts a severe strain on the pancreas, drawing down its reserves, so to speak. If the pancreas is constantly overstimulated to produce enzymes that ought to be in foods, the result over time will be inhibited function. Humans eating an enzyme-poor diet, comprised primarily of cooked food, use up a tremendous amount of their enzyme potential in the outpouring of secretions from the pancreas and other digestive organs. The result, according to the late Dr. Edward Howell, a noted pioneer in the field of enzyme research, is a shortened life span, illness and lowered resistance to stress of all types. He points out that humans and animals on a diet comprised largely of cooked food have enlarged pancreas organs while other glands and organs, notably the brain, actually shrink in size.

Dr. Howell formulated the following Enzyme Nutrition Axiom: The length of life is inversely proportional to the rate of exhaustion of the enzyme potential of an organism. The increased use of food enzymes promotes a decreased rate of exhaustion of the enzyme potential. Another rule can be expressed as follows: Whole foods give good health; enzyme-rich foods provide limitless energy.

Almost all traditional societies incorporate raw, enzyme-rich foods into their cuisines- not only vegetable foods but also raw animal proteins and fats in the form of raw dairy foods, raw fish and raw muscle and organ meats. These diets also traditionally include a certain amount of cultured or fermented foods, which have an enzyme content that is actually enhanced by the fermenting and culturing process. The Eskimo diet, for example, is composed in large portion of raw fish that has been allowed to "autolate" or "predigest," that is, become putrefied or semirancid; to this predigested food they ascribe their stamina. The culturing of dairy products, found almost universally among preindustrialized peoples, enhances the enzyme content of milk, cream, butter and cheese. Ethnic groups that consume large amounts of cooked meat usually include fermented vegetables or condiments, such as sauerkraut and pickled carrots, cucumbers and beets with their meals. Cultured soybean products from Asia, such as natto and miso, are another good source of food enzymes if these foods are eaten unheated. Even after being subjected to heat, fermented foods are more easily assimilated because they have been predigested by enzymes. In like manner, cooked meats that have first been well aged or marinated present less of a strain on the digestive mechanism because of this predigestion.

Grains, nuts, legumes and seeds are rich in enzymes, as well as other nutrients, but they also contain enzyme inhibitors. Unless deactivated, these enzyme inhibitors can put an even greater strain on the digestive system than cooked foods. Sprouting, soaking in warm acidic water, sour leavening, culturing and fermenting-all processes used in traditional societies-deactivate enzyme inhibitors, thus making nutrients in grains, nuts and seeds more readily available.

Most fruits and vegetables contain few enzymes; exceptional plant foods noted for high enzyme content include extra virgin olive oil and other unrefined oils, raw honey, grapes, figs and many tropical fruits including avocados, dates, bananas, papaya, pineapple, kiwi and mangos.

Copyright: Nourishing Traditions: The Cookbook that Challenges Politically Correct Nutrition and the Diet Dictocrats, by Sally Fallon with Mary G. Enig, PhD. ©1999. All Rights Reserved.

Addictive but helpful for digestion

Bach - Concerto for Oboe and Violin in C Minor BWV1060 - Mov. 2-3/3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zorktkN4DC0
Mov.2 Adagio must be helpful for digestion

Alessandro Marcello - Concerto for oboe and strings - 2nd movement - Adagio - in C minor.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tjLoOmDddgk

Tomaso Albinoni - Concerto Oboe op.9-2 Adagio
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UPyFBUcWdZk

Antonio Vivaldi
Concerto for oboe, strings and basso continuo in C major (RV 452)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DdgOMZtoS68

Antonio Vivaldi
Concerto for two oboes, two clarinets, strings and basso continuo in C major (RV 560) II. Adagio
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hzmWoQDOtyc

Bach Concerto For Oboe and Violin
in D Minor BWV 1060: II. Adagio
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xgbrgAI6QJE

J.S. Bach - Sinfonía de la "Cantata nº 156" Neil Black, oboe (Arioso)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=92QOAVPYOMg

J.S. Bach - Concierto para dos claves (BWV 1060), adagio
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_s-a-mDd1kM

Eschenbach - Mozart, Piano Sonata K.576 in D Major - II Adagio
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W0j8B4yGaYw

Mozart- Piano Sonata in C minor, K. 457- 2nd mov. Adagio, Mitsuko Uchida
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jrpeZHWrx5Q

Idil Biret - Haendel Menuet
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xXcF8OFGWw4

Dmitri Shostakovich - Romance (from The Gadfly)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDW4VJGKLAQ

Cubus plays Piano Sonata No. 16, K545, 2nd movement by Mozart
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IRNE_IfFNZE&p=FD52A3D0479CE4F8&playnext=1&index=15
---------------------------------------
Heavy smoker singers

Jacques Brel _ La Chanson des Vieux Amants
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H1DpjXQUDsI&NR=1&feature=fvwp

Nat King Cole - I love you for sentimental reasons
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4oWbzT_oAJ0&feature=related

Yves Montand--Syracuse - Yves Montand
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ZNnJvVJNmU&feature=related

2010年10月5日 星期二

消化(3)

還是未解決胃氣漲煩惱, 吃白菜後馬上噯氣, 吃半個雪梨也噯氣. 吃多士吃魚後沒有噯氣. 已經減了份量和分類吃.
要試試合嘴呼氣吃.

http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/gas/
What are some symptoms and problems of gas?

What causes gas?

Gas in the digestive tract—the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine—comes from two sources:

* swallowed air
* normal breakdown of certain undigested foods by harmless bacteria naturally present in the large intestine, also called the colon

Swallowed Air

Aerophagia, or air swallowing, is a common cause of gas in the stomach. Everyone swallows small amounts of air when eating and drinking. However, eating or drinking rapidly, chewing gum, smoking, or wearing loose dentures can cause some people to take in more air.

Burping, or belching, is the way most swallowed air—which contains nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide—leaves the stomach. The remaining gas moves into the small intestine, where it is partially absorbed. A small amount travels into the large intestine for release through the rectum. The stomach also releases carbon dioxide when stomach acid mixes with the bicarbonate in digestive juices, but most of this gas is absorbed into the bloodstream and does not enter the large intestine.
Breakdown of Undigested Foods

The body does not digest and absorb some carbohydrates—the sugar, starches, and fiber found in many foods—in the small intestine because of a shortage or absence of certain enzymes that aid digestion.

This undigested food then passes from the small intestine into the large intestine, where normal, harmless bacteria break down the food, producing hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and, in about one-third of all people, methane. Eventually these gases exit through the rectum.

People who make methane do not necessarily pass more gas or have unique symptoms. A person who produces methane will have stools that consistently float in water. Research has not shown why some people produce methane and others do not.

Foods that produce gas in one person may not cause gas in another. Some common bacteria in the large intestine can destroy the hydrogen that other bacteria produce. The balance of the two types of bacteria may explain why some people have more gas than others.

[Top]
Which foods cause gas?

Most foods that contain carbohydrates can cause gas. By contrast, fats and proteins cause little gas.
Sugars

The sugars that cause gas are raffinose, lactose, fructose, and sorbitol.

Raffinose. Beans contain large amounts of this complex sugar. Smaller amounts are found in cabbage, brussels sprouts, broccoli, asparagus, other vegetables, and whole grains.

Lactose. Lactose is the natural sugar in milk. It is also found in milk products, such as cheese and ice cream, and processed foods, such as bread, cereal, and salad dressing. Many people, particularly those of African, Native American, or Asian background, normally have low levels of lactase, the enzyme needed to digest lactose, after childhood. Also, as people age, their enzyme levels decrease. As a result, over time people may experience increasing amounts of gas after eating food containing lactose.

Fructose. Fructose is naturally present in onions, artichokes, pears, and wheat. It is also used as a sweetener in some soft drinks and fruit drinks.

Sorbitol. Sorbitol is a sugar found naturally in fruits, including apples, pears, peaches, and prunes. It is also used as an artificial sweetener in many dietetic foods and sugar-free candies and gums.
Starches

Most starches, including potatoes, corn, pasta, and wheat, produce gas as they are broken down in the large intestine. Rice is the only starch that does not cause gas.
Fiber

Many foods contain soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber dissolves easily in water and takes on a soft, gel-like texture in the intestines. Found in oat bran, beans, peas, and most fruits, soluble fiber is not broken down until it reaches the large intestine, where digestion causes gas.

Insoluble fiber, on the other hand, passes essentially unchanged through the intestines and produces little gas. Wheat bran and some vegetables contain this kind of fiber.

[Top]
What are some symptoms and problems of gas?

The most common symptoms of gas are flatulence, abdominal bloating, abdominal pain, and belching. However, not everyone experiences these symptoms. The type and degree of symptoms probably depends on how much gas the body produces, how many fatty acids the body absorbs, and a person's sensitivity to gas in the large intestine.
Belching

An occasional belch during or after meals is normal and releases gas when the stomach is full of food. However, people who belch frequently may be swallowing too much air and releasing it before the air enters the stomach.

Sometimes a person with chronic belching may have an upper gastrointestinal (GI) disorder, such as peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or gastroparesis, also called delayed gastric emptying.

Sometimes people believe that swallowing air and releasing it will relieve the discomfort of these disorders, and they may intentionally or unintentionally develop a habit of belching to relieve discomfort.

Gas-bloat syndrome may occur after fundoplication surgery to correct GERD. The surgery creates a one-way valve between the esophagus and stomach that allows food and gas to enter the stomach but often prevents normal belching and the ability to vomit. It occurs in about 10 percent of people who have this surgery but may improve with time.
Flatulence

Another common complaint is too much flatulence. However, most people do not realize that passing gas 14 to 23 times a day is normal. Too much gas may be the result of carbohydrate malabsorption.
Abdominal Bloating

Many people believe that too much gas causes abdominal bloating. However, people who complain of bloating from gas often have normal amounts and distribution of gas. They may just be unusually aware of gas in the digestive tract.

Doctors believe that bloating is usually the result of an intestinal disorder, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The cause of IBS is unknown but may involve abnormal movements and contractions of intestinal muscles and increased pain sensitivity in the intestines. These disorders may give a sensation of bloating because of increased sensitivity to gas.

Any disease that causes intestinal inflammation or obstruction, such as Crohn’s disease or colon cancer, may also cause abdominal bloating. In addition, people who have had many operations, internal hernias, or bands of internal scar tissue called adhesions may experience bloating or pain. Finally, eating a lot of fatty food can delay stomach emptying and cause bloating and discomfort, but not necessarily too much gas.
Abdominal Pain and Discomfort

Some people have pain when gas is present in the intestine. When pain is on the left side of the colon, it can be confused with heart disease, which sometimes causes abdominal pain. When the pain is on the right side of the colon, it may mimic gallstones or appendicitis.

[Top]
What diagnostic tests are used to find the cause of gas?

Because gas symptoms may be caused by a serious disorder, those causes should be ruled out. Health professionals usually begin with a review of dietary habits and symptoms. The health professional may ask the patient to keep a diary of foods and beverages consumed for a specific time period.

If lactase deficiency is the suspected cause of gas, the health professional may suggest avoiding milk products for a period of time. A blood or breath test may be used to diagnose lactose intolerance.

In addition, to determine if someone produces too much gas in the colon or is unusually sensitive to the passage of normal gas volumes, the health professional may ask a patient to count the number of times he passes gas during the day and include this information in a diary.

Careful review of diet and the amount of gas passed may help relate specific foods to symptoms and determine the severity of the problem.

Because the symptoms that people may have are so variable, the health professional may order other types of diagnostic tests in addition to a physical exam, depending on the patient's symptoms and other factors.

[Top]
How is gas treated?

Experience has shown that the most common ways to reduce the discomfort of gas are changing diet, taking medicines, and reducing the amount of air swallowed.
Diet

Health professionals may tell people to eat fewer foods that cause gas. However, for some people this may mean cutting out healthy foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and milk products.

Health professionals may also suggest limiting high-fat foods to reduce bloating and discomfort. Less fat in the diet helps the stomach empty faster, allowing gases to move into the small intestine.

Unfortunately, the amount of gas caused by certain foods varies from person to person. Effective dietary changes depend on learning through trial and error how much of the offending foods one can handle.
Nonprescription Medicines

Digestive enzymes, available as over-the-counter supplements, help digest carbohydrates and may allow people to eat foods that normally cause gas.

The enzyme lactase, which aids with lactose digestion, is available in caplet and chewable tablet form without a prescription; Lactaid and Lactrase are two common brands. Taking lactase supplements just before eating helps digest foods that contain lactose. Also, lactose-reduced milk and other products, such as Lactaid and Dairy Ease, are available at many grocery stores.

Beano, an over-the-counter digestive aid, contains the sugar-digesting enzyme that the body lacks to digest the sugar in beans and many vegetables. The enzyme comes in liquid and tablet form. Five drops are added per serving or one tablet is swallowed just before eating to break down the gas-producing sugars. Beano has no effect on gas caused by lactose or fiber.
Prescription Medicines

Doctors may prescribe medicines to help reduce symptoms, especially for people with a disorder such as IBS. For more information about IBS, see the Irritable Bowel Syndrome fact sheet from the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse.
Reducing Swallowed Air

For those who have chronic belching, health professionals may suggest ways to reduce the amount of air swallowed. Two options are to avoid chewing gum and to avoid eating hard candy. Eating at a slow pace and checking with a dentist to make sure dentures fit properly should also help.

[Top]
Points to Remember

Although gas may be uncomfortable and embarrassing, it is not life threatening. Understanding causes, ways to reduce symptoms, and treatment will help most people find some relief.

*

Everyone has gas in the digestive tract.
*

People often believe normal passage of gas to be excessive.
*

Gas comes from two main sources: swallowed air and normal breakdown of certain foods by harmless bacteria naturally present in the large intestine.
*

Many foods with carbohydrates can cause gas. Fats and proteins cause little gas.
* Foods that may cause gas include
o beans
o vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, brussels sprouts, onions, artichokes, and asparagus
o fruits, such as pears, apples, and peaches
o whole grains, such as whole wheat and bran
o soft drinks and fruit drinks
o milk and milk products, such as cheese and ice cream, and packaged foods prepared with lactose, such as bread, cereal, and salad dressing
o foods containing sorbitol, such as dietetic foods and sugar-free candies and gums

*

The most common symptoms of gas are belching, flatulence, bloating, and abdominal pain. However, some of these symptoms may be caused by an intestinal disorder, such as IBS, rather than too much gas.
*

The most common ways to reduce the discomfort of gas are changing one’s diet, taking digestive enzymes to help digest carbohydrates, and reducing the amount of air swallowed.

So Peaceful n beautiful Music

Not sad at all, just peaceful music.


Tchaikovsky,(None But The Lonely Heart) Songs (6), Op. 6
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7PtIHBCuR-Q&feature=related

Joshua Bell on violin - Tchaikovsky - None but the Lonely Heart
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5HEQqtoAwjY&feature=related

Tchaikovsky, None But The Lonely Heart by David Garrett
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pZhwtZjZ5eU&feature=related

Hvorostovsky sings Tchaikovsky's song "None but the lonely heart"
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RlfhPViN0j0&feature=related

Placido Domingo - Six Romances (None But The Lonely Heart)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nCGg183BG00

=================================
Joshua Bell - Faure - Apres un reve (After a dream)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uOeR2T2rlVk&feature=related

Après un rêve - Gabriel Fauré - Flute フォーレ 夢のあとに
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vsGfPZtI8-o&feature=related

Cello Journey #20, Jan. 9, 2007, Faure Apres un Reve
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zkvFPSPRuw

Cello & piano Gabriel Fauré - Après un Rêve
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NnMRZ5BYAFE

Placido Domingo sings Apres un reve and plays piano with Alexis Weissenberg, 1983, look very young
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pxEK34DyxgY&feature=related

Youngok Shin 申英玉, soprano, FAURE - Apres un reve
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ec2tmMUOw8&feature=related

================================
Cello Journey #26, Faure Sicilienne
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HskJ1gKa2NQ&feature=related

Gabriel Fauré - Sicilienne op 78, piano transcription
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtQkVWxjJoQ&feature=related

Pahud plays Gabriel Fauré Sicilienne Op78 flute
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KweXColOsgQ&feature=related

Faure's Sicilienne performed by Julian Lloyd Webber and John Lenehan
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t4ZbUbN2OPE&NR=1

2010年10月3日 星期日

How People Said about Mono-diet/sequential eating

http://www.curezone.org/forums/am.asp?i=721040

消化(2)

為了解決我的胃氣漲問題, 除了要少吃易產生氣體的食物外, 也要改變飲食習慣, 以免消化不良. 上個月吃多了意大利粉和番茄, 本來在2008年經歷過的嚴重噯氣情況又再出現.

今天起按照澱粉質和蛋白質有不同的消化酵素原則進食. 停留在胃內時間較短的食物先吃, 以免積蓄過多未消化好的食物在胃內.

今天早餐吃了一只奇異果和滾水泡過的幾粒龍眼乾. 其實不該吃龍眼乾, 但太餓了. 後來購物後吃了一只天津雪梨. 午餐只吃七條用多士焗爐焗熟的橫澤魚, 一粒維生素B什. 早午餐之間喝當歸紅棗水(後來才發覺忘記放紅棗). 晚餐該吃蔬菜和兩片昨天剩下的麵包了. 以前沒想過這樣把澱粉質和蛋白質分餐吃, 不混合吃. (後記:晚餐吃120克菜心, 隔半小時才吃兩片烘多士. 之後, 一直至睡覺前只有一次噯氣, 因為沒有喝超過一口水, 多士能混和多些唾液. )
-----------------------------------
http://www.ziondaily.com/2.0/web/health_10a/view.php?id=9168

含蛋白質和澱粉質的食物,兩者所需要的消化液都各有不同。要有適當的消化液,才能把某種食物分解,然後被身體吸收使用。譬如:消化澱粉質,首先要從口腔開始。我們口腔的唾液,含有一種唾液澱粉消化酵素(ptyalin),是身體進行消化澱粉質過程的第一步。而消化和分解蛋白質的過程,則以胃部作為起首,其過程涉及兩種元素,一種是鹽酸(Hydrochloric acid),而另一種是用來分解蛋白質的胃蛋白質消化酵素〔1001〕(pepsin)。這兩樣都是從胃部分泌出來,用以消化所有蛋白質。

傳統中國人的飯菜,必定有魚、有肉、有菜,而西方大多數食物,都是以馬鈴薯和肉類混合為主,或以麵包、三文治(澱粉質食物)夾雜著肉類、乳製品,如芝士、蛋和其它蛋白質一起吃。難怪現代先進國家的人,皆有這麼多消化系統的毛病出現。當蛋白質和澱粉質混合在一起進食時,我們的口腔所分泌出來的唾液,便不會產生任何唾液澱粉消化酵素(ptyalin),而澱粉質在這情況下,就沒有經過其原本消化過程的第一步,而直接進入胃部未經適當消化的澱粉質,便會在胃部開始發酵,製造很多氣體。更糟的是,蛋白質要在一個酸性的環境中,才能被消化,但澱粉質,剛剛相反,卻要在一個鹼性的環境中,才能被消化。當蛋白質和澱粉質一起進入胃部後,因受到食物的刺激,從胃部所分泌出來的兩種消化液(一酸一鹼),便會彼此中和,令兩種食物都不能夠被消化,而被迫停留在胃裡。這些被迫停留的食物,過了一段時間便會開始腐化,繼而製造很多氣體,令身體不適。更重要的是,在這食物腐化和發酵的過程中,所有食物的營養,會全被破壞和毀滅。因此,身體的細胞就缺乏了那些用來恢復年青、更新的補充營養。所以消化不良確實會導至營養不良,而這種惡性的飲食循環,會導至過早的衰老和產生很多疾病。

當提到蛋白質食物,我們主要是強調動物性的蛋白質,因為有些植物性的食物(如豆類),含有天然混合的植物性蛋白質和澱粉質。當單獨進食這些食物時,我們的身體是可以分泌適當的消化液,只要配合適當的流程,便能有效地消化它們。可是有些人吃完豆類,仍然會感到不舒服。其實,很多食物都混合了蛋白質和澱粉質,很難找到一些是絕對只含100%的蛋白質或100%的澱粉質。我所指的蛋白質食物,是一些含有高濃度或高比例蛋白質成份的食物。以肉類為例,50%是蛋白質,但沒有任何澱粉質。同樣,澱粉質的食物也有相似的情況。例如馬鈴薯,它含有蛋白質8%,碳水化合物(澱粉) 90%。有好一些食物是界乎兩者之間的,如豆、扁豆、米、小麥、奎奴亞(quinoa)。

若單獨進食這些食物,我們身體也可以處理得到。所以,當西方人將牛排和馬鈴薯混合一起吃的時候,會導致消化不良,極之難將它們消化。中國人的飯菜是以吃飯 (米)和肉為主,故此相比之下,是比較好一些。所以西方國家的人,例如美國人,出現消化系統疾病的機會率及個案,相比東方國家的人較為多及普遍。總括來說,預防勝於治療。當你還年輕的時候,要及早處理你的生活和飲食習慣。病從口入,所以要為明天作計劃和打算,依從這五個原則,為自己建立一個適當食物組合的餐膳。否則,待年紀大後,身體和消化系統已經崩潰。到那時便會後悔,並且想搶救也太遲了。

http://www.drbass.com/sequential.html

Sequential eating and food combining
Excerpts from "Ideal Health through Sequential Eating"
............


BASIC RULE - WATERY FOODS FIRST
To simplify this concept of sequential or layered eating, the basic rule or principle can be stated as follows:
Eat the most watery food first .....


BAD COMBINATIONS TO AVOID
The following represents some examples of bad combinations to avoid
1. Mixing dried sweet fruit, honey, maple syrup or bananas with nuts or seeds

2. Mixing starch foods with fresh or acid foods or fruits

3. Mixing dried sweet fruits with acid fruits.

4. Never eat dried sweet fruits with or after concentrated proteins

5. Eating raw, fresh or dried fruits after any cooked food

6. Avoid drinking beverages or even water during or after meals

............

美、興奮、思考--煙花

早上在電梯遇到鄰居邀請我去看她和朋友舉辦的攝影展. 她以前說過為拍攝蝴蝶, 不惜犧牲睡眠時間. 我想她的作品是觀賞類, 不是思想啟發類. 短短時間怎可以向她解釋我已對觀賞性的視覺作品沒多大興趣了, 連前晚的大型維港煙花表演也懶得看. 我關的是這些煙花會否造成空氣污染, 多於關心它美不美. 畢竟我已不再是感性青年.

2010年10月2日 星期六

消化酵素

為了不要胃漲噯氣, 我要注意以下各點:
1.不是有胃酸就能消化食物, 要有適合的消化酵素.
2.醫生說我可能消化澱粉的酵素分泌不够.
3.消化澱粉的酵素ptyalin是由唾腺分泌.
4.其他消化酵素由口、胃和腸的分泌腺製造. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digestive_enzyme
5.食物搭配適宜有助消化.
6.高澱粉食物不應該與任何高蛋白食物搭配.
7.不要同時吃任何兩種高蛋白食物.
7.酸類食物不應該與澱粉食物或疍白食物搭配, 因為酸會阻碍澱粉分解, 酸使蛋白質腐敗.
8.番茄是酸性生果, 不是蔬菜. 它不適合和麪(十水一中尸)包、麵(十弓一田中)條一起吃.
9.牛奶是在十二指腸(是小腸始段。人體的十二指腸長約30 cm,約12指寬,由此得名??)內消化的, 因此和酸性生果一起吃不會影饗消化.
10.肥肉,酸蘋果,豆、花生、豌豆、穀物、麵包和果醬或者烤饼和蜂蜜或者糖漿,是較難消化並且易在體內腐爛毒化。
11.蛋白質與(竹難卜金)油脂不要同吃。奶油、黃油、油、等等與肉,雞蛋、乳酪、堅果等等一起, 油脂延遲胃口汁液分泌和壓止對肉、堅果、雞蛋或者其他蛋白質的適當消化液。
12.澱粉和糖不要一起吃。果凍,果醬、果子、黃油、糖、蜂蜜、糖漿、糖漿等等,在麵包,蛋糕,或者在同一頓膳食用穀物、土豆、等等或者糖用穀物,將导致發酵。

http://www.internethealthlibrary.com/DietandLifestyle/Food_combining.htm

food Combining

It is commonly believed that the human stomach should be able to digest any number of different foods at the same time. However, digestion is governed by physiological chemistry. It is not what we eat that is crucial to our health, but what we digest and assimilate.

Digestive enzymes
Digestive enzymes are secreted in very specific amounts and at very specific times. Different food types require different digestive secretions. Carbohydrate foods require carbohydrate-splitting enzymes, whereas protein foods require protein splitting enzymes, etc. It is the knowledge of the digestive process that has led many health practitioners to promote efficient food combing, the rules of which are briefly explained below:

1. Carbohydrate foods and acid foods should not be eaten at the same meal. Do not eat bread, rice or potatoes with lemons, limes, oranges, grapefruits, pineapples, tomatoes or other sour fruits. This is because the enzyme, ptyalin, acts only in an alkaline medium; it is destroyed even by a mild acid! Fruit acids not only prevent carbohydrate digestion, but they also produce a fermentation. Oxalic acid, for example, diluted to one part in 10,000 completely arrests the action of ptyalin. And, there is enough acetic acid in one teaspoon of wine vinegar to completely halt salivary digestion. Dr Percy Howe of Harvard Medical School states:

"Many people who cannot eat oranges at a meal derive great benefit from eating them fifteen to thirty minutes before the meal". Herbert Sheldon, author of 'The science and fine art of food and nutrition' reports: " I have put hundreds of patients , who have told me that they could not eat oranges or grapefruit, upon a diet of these fruits and they found that they could take them. Such people are in the habit of taking these foods with a breakfast of cereal, with cream and sugar, egg on toast, stewed prunes and coffee, or some similar meal."

Tomatoes should also never be combined with starchy food as the combination of the various acids in the tomato, which are intensified on cooking, are very much opposed to the alkaline digestion of starches. They may be eaten with leafy vegetables and fat foods.

What all this tends to mean is that people who say they cannot eat oranges or grapefruit as it gives them gas, could be blaming the fruit, when the problem may lie with the escape of starches and the bodies release of pancreatic juice and intestinal enzymes to break them down.

In cases where there is hyperacidity of the stomach there is great difficulty digesting starches. Fermentation and poisoning of the body occurs along with much discomfort. This is because the digestion of carbohydrates (starches and sugars) and of protein is so different, that when they are mixed in the stomach they interfere with the digestion of each other. An acid process (gastric digestion) and an alkaline process (salivary digestion) can not be carried on at the same time in an ideal way in the stomach. Before long, they cannot proceed at all , as the rising acidity of the stomach soon completely stops carbohydrate digestion. The highest efficiency in digestion demands that we eat in such a way as to offer the least hindrance to the work of digestion.

2. Do not eat a concentrated protein and a concentrated carbohydrate at the same meal. This means do not eat nuts, meat, eggs, cheese, or other protein foods at the same meal with bread, cereals, potatoes, sweet fruits. Cakes, etc. Candy and sugar greatly inhibit the secretion of gastric juice and markedly delay digestion and if consumed in large quantities can depress the stomach activity.

3. Do not eat two concentrated proteins at the same meal. Avoid nuts and meat, or eggs and meat, cheese and nuts, cheese and eggs, meat and milk, or eggs and milk or nuts at milk at the same meal. Milk, if taken at all, is best taken alone. The reason for avoiding eating these combinations is because each protein requires a specific character and strength of digestive juice to be secreted. Eggs require different timing in stomach secretions than do either meat or milk.

4. Do not eat fats with proteins. This means do not use cream, butter, oil, etc with meat, eggs, cheese, nuts, etc. Fat depresses the action of the gastric glands by delaying the development of appetite juices and inhibiting the pouring out of the proper gastric juices for meats, nuts, eggs or other protein. Fats may lower the entire gastric tone more than fifty per cent.

5. Do not eat acid fruits with proteins. This is to say, oranges, tomatoes, lemons, pineapples, etc., should not be eaten with meat, eggs, cheese or nuts. Acid fruits seriously hamper protein digestion and results in putrefaction. Milk and orange juice, while by no means an indigestible combination, is far from a good combination. Orange juice and eggs form an even worse combination.

6. Do not consume starch and sugars together. Jellies, jams, fruit, butter, sugar, honey, syrups, molasses, etc., on bread, cake, or at the same meal with cereals, potatoes, etc., or sugar with cereal, will produce fermentation. The practice of eating starches that have been disguised by sweets is also a bad way to eat carbohydrates. If sugar is taken into the mouth it quickly fills with saliva but no ptyalin is present which we know is essential for starch digestion.

7. Eat but one concentrated starch food at a meal. This rule is more important as a means of overeating than as a means of avoiding a bad combination. While overeating of starches may lead to fermentation, there is no certainty that the combination of two starches will do so.

8. Do not consume melons with any other foods. Watermelon, muskmelon, honeydew melon, cantaloupe and other melons should always be eaten alone. This is possibly due to the ease and speed in which melons decompose.

9. Milk is best taken alone or let alone. Milk is the natural food of the mammalian young, each species producing milk peculiarly and precisely adapted to the needs of its young. It is the rule that the young take the milk alone, not in combination with other foods. Milk does not digest in the stomach, but in the duodenum, hence in the presence of milk the stomach does not respond with its secretion. The use of acid fruits with milk does not cause any trouble and apparently does not conflict with its digestion.

A suggested combination of meals is included in the following plan of eating three meals a day :

Breakfast
Fruit. Any fruit in season may be used. It is suggested that not more than three fruits be used at a meal, as, for example, grapes, well ripened bananas and an apple. It is well to have an acid fruit breakfast one morning and a sweet breakfast the next. In season breakfast may be made of melons. In the winter months, one or two dried fruits such as figs, dates, raisins, prunes, etc., may be substituted for the fresh fruit.

Lunch
A large raw vegetable salad of lettuce, celery, and one or two other raw vegetables plus avocado and alfalfa sprouts or nut and seeds. As an alternative, a vegetable salad (omitting tomatoes), one cooked green vegetable and a starch.

Dinner
A large raw vegetable salad (if nuts or cottage cheese are to be used as the protein, tomatoes may be used in this salad), two cooked non-starchy vegetables and a protein.

Fat meats, sour apples, beans, peanuts, peas, cereals, bread and jam, or hot cakes and honey or syrup, are notoriously slow in digestion and are frequent sources of discomfort and putrescent poisoning.

If the body’s reserves are carefully hoarded they will carry us well beyond the hundred year mark with youthful enthusiasm and zest. Their depletion is one of the most common calamities of modern life. The alkaloids and alcohols, with which gastro-intestinal decomposition charges our bodies, rob us of our reserves, greatly weaken our vital resistance and sooner or later produce a state of physiological collapse.

© The Internet Health Library 2000